How Emotionally Intelligent are You?
Emotional intelligence (EI) is a nationally recognized buzzword made popular by Daniel Goleman. EI is often described as a set of competencies that individuals use to manage their emotions and relationships. Many describe emotional intelligence in terms of successful leadership, and some consider emotional intelligence to be a factor in determining career success. There are three perspectives surrounding emotional intelligence: personality, ability/skill, and mixed model. Personality models see emotional intelligence as disposition or traits. Ability models see emotional intelligence as skills. Mixed models consider elements of both.
Emotional intelligence is the ability to identify and manage your own emotions and identify the emotions of others. It is generally said to include 3 skills:
- Emotional awareness – the ability to identify your own emotions and those of others
- Emotional harnessing – the ability to harness emotions and apply them to tasks, like thinking and problem solving
- Emotional management – the ability to manage emotions, including the ability to regulate your own emotions, and the ability to cheer up or calm down another person
The emotional intelligence test asks a series of questions to find out how you react in various situations. These include:
- Stressful or frustrating situations
- Failures or discouraging situations
- Leadership positions and methods for achieving success
- Methods for managing the emotions of others of various ages
- Methods for assessing various personality traits in others
- Dealing with diversity and cultural sensitivities
By assessing these behavioral factors, the test generates an EQ (emotional quotient) score. EQ is used in conjunction with emotional intelligence. EQ parallels the term IQ, distinguishing emotional capacity as a separate form of intellect. Intelligence is a person’s ability to learn and typically remains the same throughout life. Emotional intelligence, on the other hand, is acquired and can improve over time. While some people are born with it, others learn and practice EQ skills throughout life.
An average EQ score ranges from 90-100, with a perfect score measuring 160. Those who score high on this test should continue to make an effort to understand and empathize with others. Those with below average EQ scores can increase their emotional intelligence by learning to:
- Reduce negative emotions
- Stay cool and manage stress
- Be assertive and express difficult emotions when necessary
- Stay proactive, not reactive in the face of a difficult person
- Bounce back from adversity
- Express intimate emotions in close, personal relationships
Continuous improvement is key!
Not only does strong emotional intelligence lead to greater personal interactions, but it also lays the foundation for skills linked to job performance and career success. A study conducted by Forbes found that 90% of top performers also scored high in emotional intelligence, while only 20% of bottom performers scored high in emotional intelligence. This same study also found that average salary is linked to emotional intelligence. Participants with a high degree of emotional intelligence made an average of $29,000 more per year than participants with a low degree of emotional intelligence.
EQ plays a large role in future success, as well as everyday life. Test your EQ now to find out how you score in emotional intelligence!